The Battle for Labour’s Soul

With auto-exclusions and proscribed organisations, Labour seems to have entered another period of acute internal tension. But the party needs its broad church and membership-based democracy more than ever, says DAVID CONNOLLY.

From the moment of its foundation there has always been a battle for the soul of the Labour Party. After it lost Keir Hardie’s seat in West Ham South in 1895 the ILP pushed to create the politically broad-based Labour Representation Committee, which included Lib-Lab MPs as well as committed socialists.

This was the start of the messy compromise that is Labour’s ‘broad church’, which, when it breaks down for any reason, often leads to a prolonged crisis in the party. There is no doubt that we are now living through an especially acute and extended period of internal tension.

Left-wing activists have been on a political rollercoaster for several years: from the 2015 revolt against the legacy of new Labour, to the 2016 parliamentary coup that failed to remove Jeremy Corbyn from the leadership, to the raised hopes of the 2017 general election and the disappointment of 2019.

Now we are faced with Tony Blair and Peter Mandelson calling for the “total deconstruction” and “total reconstruction” of the Labour Party, presumably in a delusional attempt to recreate the heyday of new Labour in the 1990s, and Keir Starmer, a leader who seems willing to echo their rhetoric. “We have to turn the Labour Party inside out” was his recent somewhat vague but macho battle cry.

Members are being told they are guilty of ‘auto-exclusion’ from the party for social media posts that could not be considered by any rational person to indicate support for a political organisation other than Labour.

In one case, a member had shared an SNP post attacking Boris Johnson for a visit to Scotland during lockdown. Another has been expelled for attending a conference held by one of the recently proscribed organisations, even though the event took place several weeks before proscription and the person concerned is not a member of the organisation. Attending a demonstration in support of those expelled can also lead to a loss of party membership.

Understandably, some members have begun to protest, including Harrow councillor Pam Fitzpatrick who appears to have been auto-excluded for giving an interview to Socialist Appeal in May 2020.

Constitutional or not, this does not feel like natural justice to me, it feels like retrospective guilt by association with the accused being asked to prove a negative, that they are not a supporter of the named organisation. It looks like a vindictive attempt to intimidate and demoralise, and part of a concerted push to get left wingers to leave the party of their own accord.

These recent ruptures follow Starmer’s over-the-top suspension of Corbyn from the PLP last year and the general secretary’s high-handed ban on CLP chairs and secretaries holding meetings to discuss the Equalities and Human Rights Commission report into anti-semitism, then re-instating some without any apparent explanation. Meanwhile, the Forde Report still hasn’t seen the light of day.

Abandoned pledges

Some wilder voices on the right of the party are now calling for the banning of Jewish Voice for Labour and Momentum, and who knows what follows after that. Sad to say, my experience shows mutual trust at local party level to be at an all-time low.

According to The Observer (22 August), Starmer is planning to abandon some of the ‘ten pledges’ he made during his leadership campaign. We shall see what he has to say in due course but any significant backtracking will stand in contrast to Joe Biden who has sought a constructive reconciliation with the left of the Democratic Party in the United States.

I am not one of those who thinks political leaders should never have scope for flexibility in strategy or tactics. And, unlike some, I do not believe the recently proscribed organisations are beyond criticism, but what is happening in the party now does not bode well.

It is also counter-productive. As Steve Richards suggested in his podcast of 4 July, contrary to media belief, political leaders (both Conservative and Labour) who ‘take on’ their parties rarely win the subsequent general election.

In the present circumstances, the ILP can only reiterate its long-held view that, “any attempt to progress radical change will have to go through a social democratic agency. This view isn’t dependent on who is party leader at any given time but is based on our assessment of how radical change can be promoted in a British political context.”

Similarly, we think our argument for the party to be “an active, participatory, membership-based democracy that welcomes the co-existence of different viewpoints and upholds the principles of pluralism, mutual respect and comradeship” is more relevant now than ever. Indeed, Starmer appeared to recognise this during his leadership campaign for his tenth pledge spoke of the need to “unite our party, promote pluralism and improve our culture”.

All of this is necessary to make Labour’s ‘broad church’ work in a first past the post system. Unless and until that is replaced by some kind of proportional representation (which is not going to happen anytime soon), for socialists there is simply no alternative to the Labour Party.

Latter day supporters of new Labour who seem intent on reformulating the party as a much narrower alliance, with all power at the top and a greatly diminished membership, are playing fast and loose with its future for sectarian advantage. They have to be opposed.


David Connolly is chair of Independent Labour Publications.

See also: ‘Repeat to Fade?: Meeting Labour’s Electoral Challenge’ by Will Brown, and ‘Fade to Mauve: Starmer’s Leadership One Year On’ by David Connolly.


  1. David Connolly
    9 September 2021

    Further to my comment above, it’s good to see that Ann Black has signed the letter of complaint about the unfairness of the Labour Party’s current procedures sent to the General Secretary by left members of the NEC. Hope this can be built on:

  2. David Connolly
    29 August 2021

    In response to the question posed by both Ian and Ernie, it’s clear to me that the left cannot win this battle alone. We need to create a broad alliance of fair-minded democrats in the party including those on the centre left, the centre and anyone on the right who is also fair-minded enough to support such a protest.

    The centre left includes people in Open Labour and Labour Together and those like NEC member Ann Black who was courageous in standing up to the Blairites when she was on the NEC in the early 2000s.

    We must reach out beyond our usual circles, inviting potential supporters to join us in challenging the unfairness and moral illegitimacy of what is now happening, and we should also stress the need to hold the broad church together as a precondition – but obviously not in itself a guarantee – of electoral success.

    In present circumstances any challenge is hard going and, looking on from a safe, rhetorical distance, some will regard this with disdain. But resisting the leadership’s present direction is the necessary and urgent task because the alternative isn’t worth thinking about.

  3. Ernie Jacques
    27 August 2021

    David lists a catalogue of undemocratic, behavioural practices under Keir Starmer’s Labour Party. But the trajectory of his leadership and the party he wants it to be was clear from the outset when he expelled his predecessor on trumped-up charges at the start of a rolling programme of membership expulsions and systems designed to close down opposition to his project.

    Starmer and likeminded MPs aren’t interested in concepts like broad church politics and membership democracy, unless of course the membership will bend to his way of thinking. So when David says: “They have to be opposed”, the question is “How?” Or would that now be grounds for David and the ILP to be shown the door?

  4. Harry Barnes
    26 August 2021

    Unfortunately, due to Covid restrictions the battle for Labour’s soul has often been taking place outside of normal internal Labour Party procedures. Branch and constituency meetings have often been replaced by informal contacts, such as Zoom discussions for those who know how to use them.

    Then there are chats rather than formal procedures for branches and constituencies via their private Facebook sites. How this will work out when we reach annual conference is yet to be seen, but it places considerable influence into the hands of the leadership. They need to give some consideration to what the rest of us are thinking, blogging and commenting about.

  5. Ian Barnett
    26 August 2021

    … and exactly how can they be opposed when they are 1) expelling those who might and 2) ruling out of order critical resolutions from the members?

    What Starmer is doing goes way beyond anything Blair did, or tried to. It is nothing less than the destruction of the party as it has existed since its inception – as a democratic party with power vested in the members and conference the final authority.

    Starmer has revealed himself to be neither socialist nor democratic. It seems to me that he is then ineligible for party membership. Anyone prepared to take that one on?

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